Journal Articles


Klinich KD, Manary MA, Orton NR, Boyle KB, Hu J (2022) A Literature Review of Wheelchair Transportation Safety Relevant to Automated Vehicles. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19(3):1633.

Klinich KD, Leslie A, Hariya S, Flannagan CAC, Reed MP, Hallman J. (2021) U.S. vehicle occupancy trends relevant to future automated vehicles and mobility services. Traffic Injury Prevention.

Klinich KD, Manary MA, Boyle KB, Orton NR (2021) Dynamic metrics to differentiate booster performance. Traffic Injury Prevention. 22(7): 530-535.

Jones MLH, Ebert S, Manary MA, Reed MP, Klinich KD (2020) Child posture and belt fit in a range of booster configurations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(3):810.

Benedetti M, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA. (2019) Factors affecting child injury risk in motor-vehicle crashes. Stapp Car Crash Journal 63.

Manary MA, Flannagan CA, Reed MP, Orton NR, Klinich KD. (2019) Effects of child restraint misuse on dynamic performance. Traffic Injury Prevention. 20(8):860-865. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1665177

Macy ML, Brines SJ, Gebremariam A, Manary MA, Olaniyan H, Klinich KD. (2019) An assessment of child passenger safety levels of service in Michigan. Traffic Injury Prevention 2019 Apr 15:1-7. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1568422.

Macy ML, Manary MA, Klinich KD (2019) Characterizing the child passenger safety workforce in Michigan: a statewide survey in 2015. Traffic Injury Prevention 2019 Apr 15:1-7. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1568421.

Jones MH, Ebert SM, Reed MP, Klinich KD (2018) Development of a three-dimensional body shape model of young children for child restraint design. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 21(15):784-794. doi: 10.1080/10255842.2018.1521960.

Flannagan CA, Bálint A, Klinich KD, Sander U, Manary MA, Cuny S, McCarthy M, Phan V, Wallbank C, Green PE, Sui B, Forsman A, Fagerlind H. (2018). Comparing Motor-Vehicle Crash Risk of EU and US Vehicles, Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Klinich KD, Manary MA, Malik L, Flannagan CA, Jermakian J. (2017) Assessing Tether Labeling and Usability in Pickup Trucks. Traffic Injury Prevention, doi: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1383986

Benedetti M, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA. (2017) Predictors of restraint use among child occupants. Traffic Injury Prevention 1-4. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1318209.

Hu J, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA, Narayanaswamy P, Reed MP, Andreen M, Neal M, Lin CH. (2017) Does unbelted safety requirement affect protection for belted occupants? Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(S1): S85-S05. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1298096.

Klinich KD, Benedetti M, Manary MA, Flannagan CA (2016) Rating child passenger safety laws relative to best practices for child occupant protection Traffic Injury Prevention, 18(4):406-411. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2016.1203427. Epub 2016 Aug 30

Reed MP and Klinich KD (2016) Predicting Vehicle Belt Fit for Children Ages 6-12, Traffic Injury Prevention 17(1):58-64. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2015.1040877

Hu J, Manary MA, Klinich KD, Reed MP (2015) Evaluation of ISO CRS Envelopes Relative to U.S. Vehicles and Child Restraint Systems. Traffic Injury Prevention. 16(8)781-5. (UMTRI Excellence Award)

Hu J and Klinich KD (2015) Toward designing pedestrian-friendly vehicles. International Journal of Vehicle Safety 8(1):22-54.

Wood LK, Miller CS, Madura NH, Reed MP, Schneider LW, Klinich KD, and Rupp JD (2014) Response and tolerance of female and/or elderly PMHS to lateral impact. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 58

Jermakian JS, Klinich KD, Orton NR, Flannagan CAC, Manary MA, Malik LM, Narayanaswamy P (2014) Factors affecting tether use and correct use in child restraint installations. Journal of Safety Research 51:99-108.

Klinich KD, Flannagan CAC, Manary MA, Moore JL, Jermakian J (2014) Survey of LATCH Vehicle Hardware, International Journal of Crashworthiness 19(5):484-489.

Klinich KD, Reed MP, Ebert SM, Rupp JD. (2014) Kinematics of pediatric crash dummies seated on vehicle seats with realistic belt geometry, Traffic Injury Prevention 15 (8): 866-74.

Miller CS, Madura NH, Schneider LW, Klinich KD, Reed MP, Rupp JD. (2013), PMHS impact response in 3 m/s and 8 m/s nearside impacts with abdomen offset. Stapp Car Crash J 57:387-425.

Hu J, Wu J, Klinich KD, Reed MP, Cao L, Rupp JD (2013) Optimizing the rear seat for older children, adults, and infants Traffic Injury Prevention. 14 Suppl:S13-22. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2013.796043

Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA, Ebert SM, Malik LA, Green PA, Reed MP. (2013) Effects of child restraint features on installation errors. Applied Ergonomics. May 31. doi:pii: S0003-6870(13)00077-X. 10.1016/j.apergo.2013.04.005.

Klinich, KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CAC, Moore JL, Jermakian J (2013) Evaluation of proposed protocols for assessing vehicle LATCH system usability. SAE Int. J. Trans. Safety 1(1) doi:10.4271/2013-01-1155.

Klinich KD, Flannagan CAC, Jermakian JS, McCartt AT, Manary MA, Moore JL, Wells JK (2013) Vehicle LATCH system features associated with correct child restraint installations Traffic Injury Prevention 14(5):520-31 doi: 10.1080/15389588.2012.701030

Reed MP, Ebert-Hamilton SM, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Rupp JD (2013) Effects of vehicle seat and belt geometry on belt fit for children with and without belt positioning booster seats Accident Analysis and Prevention 50:512-522. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2012.05.030

Klinich KD, Ebert SM, Reed MP (2012) Quantifying cervical spine curvature using Bezier splines Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 11(4): 114503-114508 doi: 10.1115./1.4007749

Klinich KD, Miller CS, Hu J, Samorezov JE, Pearlman MD, Schneider LW, Rupp JD (2012) Characterization of ovine utero-placental interface failure Placenta doi:10.1016/j.placenta.2012.06.012

Wu J, Hu J, Reed MP, Klinich KD, and Cao L (2012) Development and validation of a parametric child anthropomorphic test device model representing 6- to 12-year-old children International Journal of Crashworthiness DOI:10.1080/13588265.2012.703474

Gayzik FS, Moreno DB, Danelson KA, McNally C, Klinich KD, Stitzel JD (2012) External landmark, body surface, and volume data of a mid-sized male in seated and standing postures Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2012 Mar 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Klinich KD, Miller CS, Hu J, Nazmi GM, Pearlman MD, Schneider LW, Rupp JD (2012) Effect of frozen storage on dynamic tensile properties of human placenta Journal of Biomedical Engineering

Hu J, Klinich KD, Reed MP, Kokkolaras M, Rupp JD (2011) Development and validation of a modified Hybrid-III six-year-old dummy model for simulating submarining in motor-vehicle crashes Medical Engineering and Physics doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2011.08.013

Klinich KD, Ritchie N, Manary MA, Reed MP (2010) Development of a more realistic pelvis for the Hybrid III 6YO ATD Traffic Injury Prevention 11(6):606-12

Klinich KD, Flannagan CAC, Nicholson K, Schneider LW, Rupp JD (2010) Factors associated with abdominal injury in frontal, nearside, and farside crashes Stapp Car Crash Journal 54:73-91

Hu J, Klinich KD, Miller C, Rupp JD, Nazmi G, Pearlman MD, Schneider LW (2010) A stochastic visco-hyperelastic model of human placenta tissue for finite element crash simulations Annals of Biomedical Engineering Epub Dec 1 2010

Schneider LW, Klinich KD, Moore JL, MacWilliams JB (2010) Using in-depth investigations to identify transportation safety issues for wheelchair-seated occupants of motor vehicles Medical Engineering and Physics 32(3):237-47 Epub 2009 Oct 2

Hu J, Klinich KD, Miller C, Nazmi G, Pearlman MD, Schneider LW, Rupp JD (2009) Quantifying dynamic mechanical properties of human placenta tissue using optimization techniques with specimen-specific finite-element models Journal of Biomechanics 42(15):2528-34. Epub 2009 Aug 7

Reed MP, Sochor MM, Rupp JD, Klinich KD, Manary MA (2009) Anthropometric specification of child crash dummy pelves through statistical analysis of skeletal geometry Journal of Biomechanics 42(8):1143-1145

Reed MP, Ebert SM, Sherwood CP, Klinich KD, Manary MA (2009) Evaluation of the static belt fit provided by belt-positioning booster seats Accident Analysis and Prevention 41:598-607

Klinich KD, Flannagan CAC, Rupp JD, Sochor MD, Schneider LW, Pearlman MD (2008) Fetal outcome in motor-vehicle crashes: effects of crash characteristics and maternal restraint American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 198:450.e1-450.e9 [Honor: AJOG Editor’s choice, April 2008]

Rupp JD, Miller CS, Reed MP, Madura NH, Klinich KD, Schneider LW (2008) Characterization of knee-thigh-hip response in frontal impacts using biomechanical testing and computational simulation Stapp Car Crash Journal 52.

Reed MP, Ebert-Hamilton SM, Manary MA, Klinich KD, Schneider LW (2006) Improved positioning procedures for 6YO and 10YO ATDs based on child occupant postures. Technical Paper 2006-22-0014. Stapp Car Crash Journal 50:337-388.

Reed MP, Ebert-Hamilton SM, Manary MA, Klinich KD, and Schneider LW (2005) A new database of child anthropometry and seated posture for automotive safety applications. Technical Paper 2005-01-1837 SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems, Vol. 114.

Klinich KD, Ebert SM, Van Ee CA, Flannagan CAC, Prasad M, Reed MP, and Schneider LW (2004) Cervical spine geometry in the automotive seated posture: variations with age, stature, and gender. Technical Paper 2004-22-0014. Stapp Car Crash Journal 48: 301-330. [2005 UMTRI Best Paper Award, 1st Place, 2004 Stapp Conference: Student Paper Award]

Klinich KD, Hulbert GM, Schneider LW (2002) Estimating infant head injury criteria and impact response using crash reconstruction and finite element modeling. Technical Paper 2002-22-0009. Stapp Car Crash Journal: 46:165-194. [2003 UMTRI Best Paper Award, 2002 Stapp Conference: Student Paper Award]

Rupp JD, Klinich KD, Moss S, Zhou J, Pearlman MD, Schneider LW (2001) Development and testing of a prototype pregnant abdomen for the small-female Hybrid III ATD. Technical Paper 2001-22-0003 Stapp Car Crash Journal 45:61-77.

Pearlman MD, Klinich KD, Schneider LW, Rupp JD, Moss S (2000) A comprehensive program to improve safety for pregnant women and fetuses in motor vehicle crashes: a preliminary report. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 182(6):1554-1564.

Klinich KD, Schneider LW, Rupp JD, Eby B, and Pearlman MD (1999) Challenges in frontal crash protection of pregnant drivers based on anthropometric considerations. Technical Paper 1999-01-0711. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, Vol. 108.

Johnston KL, Klinich KD, Rhule DA, Saul RA (1997) Assessing Arm Injury Potential from Deploying Air Bags. Technical Paper 970400 SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, Vol. 106.

Klinich KD, Beebe MS, Backaitis SH (1995) Evaluation of a Proposed Hybrid III Hip Modification, Technical Paper 952730, SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, Vol. 104.

Klinich KD, Pritz HB, Beebe MS, Welty KA (1994) Survey of Older Children in Automotive Restraints and Booster Seats. Technical Paper 94222. SAE Transactions: Journal of Passenger Cars-Mechanical Systems, Vol. 103.